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# Magic Words

Template:Shortcut Template:Redirect Template:H:hThis is an organized index of Magic words used in MediaWiki.

A "magic word" is a symbol which is recognized by the MediaWiki software and which when seen in the non-commented text of the page, triggers the software to do something other than display that symbol, or transclude a page with that name, but instead to use the symbol directly. A magic word can be

• an upper case word, preceded and followed by two underscores, e.g. __NOTOC__
• an XML object, coded similar to HTML, preceded by "<" (and for the end tag "/") and followed by ">", as in <nowiki>...</nowiki>
• a parser function: similar to a template, a word preceded by the symbols "{{" and followed by "}}", and optionally parameter definitions between pipe characters, except that the part before the first pipe (or without pipes, the text between the braces) contains a colon (":"), e.g. {{ns:3}} and {{#ifexpr:{{{1}}}>3|large|small}}
• a variable: similar to a template without parameters, a word preceded by the symbols "{{" and followed by "}}", except the word used is in all upper case, e.g. {{CURRENTDAY}}
• a template modifier
• an image modifier

Tags which are used on this page such as "[MW1.5+]" indicate the version that first supported the magic word. "XYZ" indicates user input, which is used in the example.

## Magic words between double underscores

For details see Help:Section

### Other

Word Explanation
__NEWSECTIONLINK__ [MW1.7+] Gives a "+"-link next to the edit-tab to make a new section on a non-talk page.
__NOCONTENTCONVERT__
__NOCC__
Don't perform the content language conversion (character and phase) in article display; for example, Chinese zh with zh_cn, zh_tw, zh_sg, zh_hk.
__NOGALLERY__ [MW1.7+] This magic word allows images in category pages to be displayed as inline links instead of gallery.
__NOTITLECONVERT__
__NOTC__
Like __NOCC__ but affecting article title only.
__END__ Allows for trailing whitespace to be included in the page save (does not seem to work anymore).
__START__ This magic word has no effect but an ID in MagicWord.php (MAG_START).

## XML-style tags

nowiki: <nowiki>...</nowiki>, disables expansion/interpretation of templates, link syntax, formatting syntax, etc.: <nowiki>'''[[{{tc}}]]'''</nowiki> gives '''[[{{tc}}]]'''

noinclude: <noinclude>...</noinclude>, specifies text to appear or function calls to apply only on the transcluded page, not on the transcluding page. E.g. categorizing of a template itself (and not the transcluding page) would use this tag.

includeonly: <includeonly>...</includeonly>, specifies text to appear or function calls to apply only on the transcluding page, not on the transcluded page (which usually is a template). E.g. a template which categorizes pages where it's applied, but not the template itself, into a certain category.

onlyinclude: <onlyinclude>...</onlyinclude>, specifies text to appear or function calls to apply only on the transcluding page, not on the transcluded page. This tag is distinguished from the <includeonly> tag in that text or code on the transcluded page not enveloped by the tag will not be transcluded, whether or not the <noinclude> tag is in use.

pre: <pre>...</pre>, ditto, also for multiple lines; it is rendered with a new paragraph at the start and end: a<pre>'''[[{{tc}}]]'''</pre> gives a
'''[[{{tc}}]]'''

math: $...$, e.g. $\sqrt{a^2+b^2}$ gives $\sqrt{a^2+b^2}$; see Help:Displaying a formula hiero: <hiero>...</hiero>, e.g. <hiero>A1</hiero> gives: <hiero>A1</hiero>

categorytree: <categorytree>...</categorytree> provides a dynamic view of the category structure specified as a tree. See mw:Extension:CategoryTree for optional attributes.

## Variables

For details see Help:Variable

### Time

The time in UTC. Note that if the page was displayed by the same user and has not changed (has not been edited) since the last time it was displayed, it is possible that the page may be cached (by the user's browser) and the displayed time or date may not change. Also, if a heavily used page, rather than freshly rendered by the software each time it is generated, is instead being retrieved from a caching system (such as the main page on Wikipedia) the date or time may not change from the last time the page was originally retrieved by the caching hardware or software.

Word Example Explanation
{{CURRENTDAY}} 22 Displays the current day in numeric form.
{{CURRENTDAY2}} 22 [MW1.6+] Same as {{CURRENTDAY}}, but with leading zero (01 .. 31).
{{CURRENTDAYNAME}} Tuesday Name of the day in the language of the project or English.
{{CURRENTDOW}} 2 Same as {{CURRENTDAYNAME}}, but as a number (0=Sunday, 1=Monday...).
{{CURRENTMONTH}} 01 The number 01 .. 12 of the month.
{{CURRENTMONTHABBREV}} Jan [MW1.5+] Same as {{CURRENTMONTH}}, but in abbreviated form (Jan .. Dec).
{{CURRENTMONTHNAME}} January Same as {{CURRENTMONTH}}, but in named form (January .. December).
{{CURRENTTIME}} 02:48 The current time (00:00 .. 23:59).
{{CURRENTHOUR}} 02 The current hour (00 .. 23).
{{CURRENTMINUTE}} Template:CURRENTMINUTE The current minute (00 .. 59).
{{CURRENTSECOND}} Template:CURRENTSECOND The current second (00 .. 59).
{{CURRENTWEEK}} 4 Number of the current week (1-53) according to ISO 8601 with no leading zero.
{{CURRENTYEAR}} 2019 Returns the current year.
{{CURRENTTIMESTAMP}} 20190122024804 [MW1.7+] ISO 8601 time stamp.
Template:-

### Local time

The time depending on the local timezone of the wiki (not depending on the timezone in the user's preference settings). (All words [MW1.8+] )

Word Example Explanation
{{LOCALDAY}} 22 Displays the local day of the month in numeric form.
{{LOCALDAY2}} 22 Same as {{LOCALDAY}}, but with a leading zero (01 .. 31).
{{LOCALDAYNAME}} Tuesday Name of the day in the language of the project or English.
{{LOCALDOW}} 2 Same as {{LOCALDAYNAME}}, but as a number (0=Sunday, 1=Monday...).
{{LOCALMONTH}} 01 The number 01 .. 12 of the month.
{{LOCALMONTHABBREV}} Jan Same as {{LOCALMONTH}}, but in abbreviated form as Jan .. Dec.
{{LOCALMONTHNAME}} January Same as {{LOCALMONTH}}, but in named form as January .. December.
{{LOCALTIME}} 02:48 The local time (00:00 .. 23:59).
{{LOCALHOUR}} 02 The local hour (00 .. 23).
{{LOCALWEEK}} 4 Number of the local week (1-53) according to ISO 8601 with no leading zero.
{{LOCALYEAR}} 2019 Returns the local year.
{{LOCALTIMESTAMP}} 20190122024804 ISO 8601 time stamp.
Template:-

### Statistics

Statistics variables give thousands separators unless ":R" for "raw" is added (actually, these versions are parser functions).

Word Example Explanation
{{CURRENTVERSION}} 1.19.2 [MW1.7+] Template:H:mwg [1]
{{NUMBEROFEDITS}}
{{NUMBEROFEDITS:R}}
1,479
1479
[MW1.10+ (r21319)] Returns the total number of page edits since MediaWiki, the software that runs this site, was installed.
{{NUMBEROFARTICLES}}
{{NUMBEROFARTICLES:R}}
123
123
A variable which returns the total number of articles on the Wiki.
{{NUMBEROFPAGES}}
{{NUMBEROFPAGES:R}}
181
181
[MW1.7+] Returns the total number of pages. [2]
{{NUMBEROFFILES}}
{{NUMBEROFFILES:R}}
21
21
[MW1.5+] Returns the number of uploaded files (rows in the image table).
{{NUMBEROFUSERS}}
{{NUMBEROFUSERS:R}}
55
55
[MW1.7+] Returns the number of registered users (rows in the user table).
1
1
[MW1.7+] Returns the number of administrators (users in the sysop group).
{{PAGESINNAMESPACE}}  {{#if:{{#ifexpr:Template:PAGEINNS:0}}|disabled here}} Longer alias of PAGESINNS
{{PAGESINNS:ns}}
{{PAGESINNS:ns:R}}
{{PAGESINNS:2}} {{#if:{{#ifexpr:Template:PAGEINNS:0}} Template:PAGESINNS:2}}
{{PAGESINNS:2:R}} {{#if:{{#ifexpr:Template:PAGEINNS:0}}|
disabled here|= Template:PAGESINNS:2}}
[MW1.7+] Returns the number of pages in the given namespace. Disabled by default, enable with Template:H:mwg.
Template:-

## Parser functions

For details see Help:Parser function.

Not working at the position of the page where the tag is located but on the page header, and throughout the page, respectively (see below):

• DISPLAYTITLE: allow the page header to be different from the page name.
• DEFAULTSORT: Sets a default category sort key for the page.

### Namespaces and URLs

Word Example Explanation
{{ns:}} {{ns:4}} = Keith Richardson's Wiki
{{ns:project}} = Keith Richardson's Wiki
Returns the name of a given namespace number.
{{localurl:x y @}}
{{localurle:x y @}}
{{localurl:a|b=c}}
{{localurl:Wikipedia:Category}}
/index.php?title=X_y_@/index.php?title=X_y_@/index.php?title=A&b=chttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category Returns the local URL of a page (might not exist). Optional query parameter, see Help:Variable.
{{urlencode:x y @}} x+y+%40 [MW1.7+] Encodes variable values for use in external links. [3]
{{anchorencode:x #y @}} x_.23y_.40 [MW1.8+] Encodes variable values for use in section anchors. [4]
{{fullurl:x y @}}
{{fullurle:x y @}}
{{fullurl:m:a|b=c}}
http://mediawiki.healthwealthandmusic.co.uk/index.php?title=X_y_@
http://mediawiki.healthwealthandmusic.co.uk/index.php?title=X_y_@
http://mediawiki.healthwealthandmusic.co.uk/index.php?title=M:a&b=c
[MW1.5+] Returns the full URL of a given page. Optional query parameter as for localurl:.
Template:-

### Formatting

Word Example Explanation
{{#language:}} {{#language:da}} = Dansk [MW1.7+] Native name of language code.
{{lc:}} {{lc:AbC dEf}} = abc def [MW1.5+] LowerCase
{{lcfirst:}} {{lcfirst:Ab Cd}} = ab Cd [MW1.5+] LC first char.
{{uc:}} {{uc:aBc DeF}} = ABC DEF [MW1.5+] UpperCase
{{ucfirst:}} {{ucfirst:aB cD}} = AB cD [MW1.5+] UC first char.
{{formatnum:}} {{formatnum:-299792458.56789}} = -299,792,458.56789 [MW1.7+] Add decimal separators according to the wiki's default locale. Leading minus and plus are recognized.

{{padleft:7|3|0}} = 007

{{padleft:0|3|0}} = 000 (bug)

{{padleft:bcd|6|a}} = aaabcd
{{padleft:café|8|-}} = ----café(<==Bug effect)
{{padleft:cafe|8|-}} = ----cafe

{{padleft:bcd|6|{{!}}}} = [[:bcd

{{padright:bcd|6|a}} = bcdaaa
{{padright:0|6|a}} = 0aaaaa (bug)

First case is, for example, applicable to years in a category... giving an ordered year to sort by pipetricks order, or any such ordering where left extended zeros allow a proper sorting.

[MW1.8+] Pads a string with a character to the specified width. Note that there's a little bug that interprets non-US-ASCII characters as two, instead of one character (see the difference in café and cafe in the examples.)

It does not seem possible to use padleft and padright for padding with characters with a multi-character code, such as &nbsp;, which would be useful with padleft for sorting tables with Javascript.

Padding "0" does not work, it returns the same. This seems to be a bug.<ref>Function pad in includes/CoreParserFunctions.php puts, oddly, the $string itself as a condition for the padding. To be reported as bug.</ref> Template:- With regard to #language and Template:Tim, see also: ## Template modifiers Usage Explanation {{:xyz}} A bare colon is not a template modifier, it's the prefix for the main namespace. Test e.g. article {{:UTC}} vs. template {{UTC}}. Using this syntax you include the text of the main namespace article xyz in another article. {{int:xyz}} Same as {{MediaWiki:xyz}}, except standard message translation is applied depending on subpages and content/user/uselang language. Rendered as <xyz> if MediaWiki:xyz doesn't exist. See also Help:System message. {{msg:xyz}} Even if there is a magic word named "xyz", use template:xyz unless the template doesn't exist (equivalent to {{template:xyz}}). Normally, magic words have priority when there is a conflict. {{msgnw:xyz}} The unevaluated wikitext is rendered. See msgnw. {{raw:xyz}} [MW1.6+] Equivalent to {{msg:xyz}} above<ref>Wikimedia SVN revision 12925</ref>. {{subst:xyz}} In the wikitext, the tag is substituted by the content (single-level evaluation only), see Help:Substitution. Template:- ## Image modifiers For details see w:en:Wikipedia:Extended image syntax. These are image modifiers used in [[Image:title.ext|modifier|...|modifier]] links. Some are mutually exclusive, and then the last specified wins. ### Size The last unrecognized modifier is used as caption for framed images or together with thumbnails. It's also used as description alt=text. Word Usage Explanation framed frame enframed [[Image:Mediawiki.png|framed]] Places an image in a frame with a description. Uses original size and stubbornly ignores width parameter if given. In general, far better to use thumb, as is only suitable for small images. border [[Image:Mediawiki.png|border]] Shows a 1px border around the image. thumbnail thumb [[Image:Mediawiki.png|thumbnail]] Modifies image size, sets it dependent on user's favorite thumbnail size in one's preferences, or on the given width parameter (see below). thumb=xyz [[Image:Mediawiki.png|thumb=Wiki.png]] Manualthumb: instead of displaying an automatically-sized thumbnail for Mediawiki.png, display the image Wiki.png. width px 100x200px [[Image:Mediawiki.png|40px]] [[Image:Mediawiki.png|100x200px]] Scales image to given width in pixels Scales image to no more than 100 pixels wide and no more than 200 high, but image scaled to retain its true aspect ratio within the boundary specified. Template:- ### Position For details see Help:Images and other uploaded files The positions are mutually exclusive; the last specified wins. Template:- can stop floating. For inline images only modifier px (see above) is supported. Word Usage Explanation right [[Image:Mediawiki.png|right]] Modifies position, floats the image to the right. left [[Image:Mediawiki.png|left]] Modifies position, floats the image to the left. none [[Image:Mediawiki.png|none]] Explicitly states that the image should not float. center centre [[Image:Mediawiki.png|center]] Modifies position, like none but centered. Template:- ## Miscellany Word Example Explanation {{DISPLAYTITLE:xyz}} [MW 1.7+] Set the page's title [5], enabled in Wikimedia projects since June 2007 ([6]). Also see Template:H:mwg. {{DIRMARK}} {{DIRECTIONMARK}} ‎ ‎ [MW1.7+] u+200E left to right or u+200D right to left mark {{CONTENTLANGUAGE}} en [MW1.7+] code of the site's default interface language (Template:H:mwg) {{DEFAULTSORT:xyz}} {{DEFAULTSORT:xyz}} [MW1.10+] Sets a default category sort key for the whole current page (also applying for category tags before this tag)<ref>"Technology report", en-Wikipedia Signpost, January 2007</ref>. #REDIRECT #REDIRECT [[target]] at top of source page Creates a redirect to another page. Template:- ### Language-dependent word conversions Word Example Explanation {{ CURRENTMONTHNAMEGEN }} January Genitive form of month name used for Czech, Polish, Ukrainian[7] {{grammar:case | word }} {{grammar:7sg|Wikipedie}} on cs: is Wikipedií. Derived word forms in inflected languages like Czech [8] {{plural:count |form1 |form2 }} {{plural:count |1st | 2nd | 3rd }} {{plural: 2 | is | are }} outputs are {{plural: 0 | this | these }} outputs these count 1 yields form1 (singular), plural transformations are used for languages like Russian [9] based on "count mod 10". Template:- "Grammar" and "Plural" are language-dependent functions, defined in [10], [11], etc. (note that in PHP, the modulo operator is the percent sign). "Grammar" can either be applied to predefined words only, or to arbitrary words, depending on whether the definition is just a 2D array, or involves string manipulations. See also cs:Šablona:Wikivar/GRAMMAR. "Plural" is a site-language-dependent switch function, controlled by function convertPlural in Language.php (which distinguishes between 1 and "not 1"), for some languages overridden in Languagexx.php, e.g. for French (which distinguishes between <=1 and >1) and Russian (oddly, first option is 1, 21, 31,.., 91, 101, 121, .., second is 2, 3, 4, 22, 23, 24, 31, 32, 33, 41,.., 94, 102, 103, 104,.., 122, 123,.., and else the third). As opposed to ParserFunctions, "plural" accepts points and commas in numbers and interprets them in a site-language-specific way (depending on$separatorTransformTable in Messagesxx.php); on this site:

• {{plural:1.000|a|b|c}} gives a
• {{plural:1,000|a|b|c}} gives b

(on e.g. the German and the Dutch sites reversed w.r.t. the result on English sites).

"Plural" is used in various system messages, e.g. Template:Msg, where it uses interface language instead of site language.